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Ife Studies in English Language - Abstract

Title

Contextual Acts in President Goodluck Jonathan’s Declaration of Presidential Candidacy under the Peoples Democratic Party

Authors

Oladimeji Olaniyi & Esther Bamigbola, Department of English, Kwara State University, Malete

Published

© Ife Studies in English Language Vol. 10(1) 2012, pp. 1-15

Language

English

Keywords

Political Declaration, Independent National Electoral Commission, Speech Acts, Contexts


Abstract:

In this article, the authors analyzed the role of context in the choice of speech acts in a speech delivered by President Goodluck Jonathan when he declared his intention to run as presidential candidate under the platform of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Nigeria. Using context and the Speech Act Theory, the authors examined how contextual illocutionary acts have been used to achieve a coherent speech delivery. From the president’s utterances, key illocutionary acts which are direct and indirect, in the categories of Assertives, Commissives, Expressives, Directives and Verdictives are noticed. About (50%) of the acts were Commissive acts while the assertive acts constitute thirty (30%). The declarative and expressive acts record ten percent (10%) each while the verdictives record zero percent (0%). In conclusion, the president successfully exploits the favourable contexts of his speech to persuade and make promises of good governance.

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