A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF THE PHASES OF ‘THE MOON’ IN NIYI OSUNDARE’S MOONSONGS
This paper tried to use a critical discourse approach to analyse Niyi Osundare’s thoughts in his book of poems titled Moonsongs. Even though the book was written years back, it seems the theme and ideas presented there are timeless and are still very relevant as regards Africa as a whole. Using Norman Fairclough’s model of Critical Discourse Analysis, this paper examined the metaphysical representations of the moon in terms of the construction of social self/identity; the construction of social relationships and the construction of system of knowledge and beliefs and how these affect national consciousness. The paper also looked at some language strategies such as; rhetorical questions on means of livelihood, social amenities, financial institutions, social justice and social inequality. The analysis revealed the helplessness of the masses in the face of the oppressive attitude of the proletariat and the need to redeem the situation. The paper concluded that even though the poet recommends some palliative measures for the problems plaguing the nation, he does not seem to see a clear end to the struggle of the masses even with the involvement of a metaphysical phenomenon such as the ‘moon’ other than a positive change of attitude for nation building. The problem has to be approached holistically first at the individual level, then at the community level for a positive, lasting and rewarding national identity and pride.